Colt Model 1855
aka "Brazilian Naval Bayonet"
This sword bayonet was originally produced to fit the Brazilian Naval Rifle (almost identical
to the British Pattern 1856 Sergeant's Rifle, made in Liege, Belgium); also believed sold with the US Model 1855
Colt Revolving Artillery Carbine (of which perhaps no more than 200 of these carbines were made).
According to R.L. Wilson's The Book of Colt Firearms this was the "rarest
distinct variation in the carbine series." He further states that, "bayonets
measure 28-3/4" overall and are marked S&K (Schnitzler & Kirschbaum). They have
iron cross-guards and brass hilts. Locking stud and spring of iron. Blade
measured 24-5/16" in length by 1-1/8" in width. Some were marked F.H. on the ricasso,
instead of the marking noted above. Produced in Europe, probably Germany."
According to Jerry Janzen, author of, Bayonets from Janzen's Notebook,
this bayonet is also associated with a Brazilian Navy Rifle contract with
Belgium, but produced in Germany. He also notes that these were
used in the U.S. Civil War and "will fit the Colt Revolving Rifle."
This bayonet is marked on the right ricasso with an anchor, flanked by two illegible characters.
This bayonet is marked on the left ricasso with S&K, for Schnitzler & Kirschbaum of Solingen, Germany (1811-1864).
If you need further information please post your questions to me directly via E-mail.
©2004 - C. Alan Russell - All rights reserved.